The animals of the Chinese zodiac are Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. One tradition has it that the Supreme Being, Huangdi, decided that humans needed a compass to guide them through the invisible maze of life’s undertakings. So, he decided to create the zodiac. To decide upon the symbols, he made an announcement to all the animals of the world. There would be a race! The first 12 beasts to cross the finish line would be chosen as signs of human character and destiny.

On the eve of the race, all the animals went to sleep early. But Ox suddenly awoke in the middle of the night. He thought, “I am so slow that if I am to have any chance of being among the 12, I had better start now.” Ox set out as quietly as he could. As he passed by the sleeping animals, his clumsiness woke Rat, who figured out his plan. Rat thought, “I am so small that no matter how hard I run, even Ox will beat me.” Cat thought, “I am a poor swimmer. I will hitch a ride on Ox’s back.” So Rat and Cat decided to follow Ox. They scurried up a tree and dropped so lightly on Ox’s back as he passed below, that Ox didn’t know it.

At dawn, all of the other animals awoke, except for Dragon. They discovered that the Ox and Rat were gone, so they raced off after them as fast as they could. But no matter how fast they ran, they could not catch up. By the time Dragon awoke, he flew toward the finish line. Although he had the advantage of wings, Dragon saw people surrounded by fire, and stopped to help.

Once Ox made it halfway across the river, he was comfortably ahead of every animal in the race. Knowing that Cat was not a good swimmer, sneaky Rat pushed Cat into the water. When the finish line came into view, Ox paused to look back. He was pleased to see how well his plan had worked. But as he paused, Rat leaped off his back and raced across the line. This is why the Rat comes first in the zodiac. Ox followed and claimed the second place spot.

Next to cross was powerful Tiger, followed by Rabbit, who was pushed to shore by a puff of breath from Dragon. Snake, who was sneakily hiding on Horse’s back, slithered across in sixth place, just in front of Horse. Then Ram, Monkey, and Rooster, who had worked together to cross the rushing river made it to the finish line. Finally, after a bath in the river, Dog emerged, and claimed the eleventh spot in the zodiac. Dog was followed by the Pig, who made it, just in the nick of time, after a lavish meal and a nap.

Cat dragged himself out of the water, drippy and wet. As the 13th animal to cross the line, Cat did not win a spot in the zodiac. Cat resented Rat for his sneaky move and wanted to get even. It is said that this is the reason cats continually chase rats today.

TCM, Theory and Principles

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